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Hebrew Text and Abbreviations


Hebrew Text

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Abbreviations

The following list of abbreviations are used mostly in the footnotes (shown in red) to these texts.  The most common ones (shown below) are used extensively in the texts as well as the footnotes.


Most commonly used

b.   ben, bar; son of.

R.
   Rab, Rabban, Rabbenu, Rabbi. Also Rabbah (of the Midrash)



Ab
.  Aboth.

A.P.B.  The Authorised Daily Prayer Book, S. Singer.

Ar. or ‘Ar. ‘Aruk. Talmudic Dictionary by R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome (d. 1106)

‘Arak. ‘ ‘Arakin.

ARN.  Aboth d'Rabbi Nathan (a late Talmudic treatise).

A.V.  Authorised Version of the Bible.

‘A.Z.  ‘Abodah Zarah.

Bacher A.  T. W. Bacher, Die Agada der Tannaiten.

Bacher Ag.  Pal. Am. W. Bacher, Die Agada palastinensichen Amoraer.

B.B.  Baba Bathra.

BDB  Brown, Driver, and Briggs’ Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament.

Bek.  Bekoroth.

Ber.  Berakoth.

Bez.  Bezah.

Bik.  Bikkurim.

B.K.  Baba Kamma

B.M.  Baba Mezi'a.

Codex M.  Munich Codex of the Midrash.

Cur. ed(d).  Current edition(s).

Dor  Dor Dor Wedoreshaw, by I. H. Weiss.

Ed.  ‘Eduyyoth.

E.J. or ‘EJ.  ‘Ez Joseph, commentary by R. Enoch Zundel b. Joseph of Bialistock (19th century).

‘Er.  ‘Erubin.

E.V.  English (viz. American-Jewish) Version of the Bible.

Geogr.  Geographie, by A. Neubauer.

Git.  Gittin.

Glos.  Glossary.

Graetz.  Graetz H., Geschichte der Juden.

Hag.  Hagigah.

Hor.  Horayoth.

Hul.  Hullin.

J.E.  Jewish Encyclopedia.

J. or J.T.  Jerusalem Talmud.

Jast.  M. Jastrow's Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud, Bible and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature.

Kel.  Kelim.

Ker.  Kerithoth.

Keth.  Kethuboth.

Kid.  Kiddushin.

Kin.  Kinnim.

Krauss.  S. Krauss, Talmudische Archaologie.

Levy.  J. Levy, Chaldaisches Worterbuch.

M.  Mishnah.

Mah.  Maharzu, commentary by Ze'eb Wolf Einhorn (19th century).

Maim.  Moses Maimonides (1135-1204).

Mak.  Makkoth.

Maksh.  Makshirin.

Meg.  Megillah.

Mek.  Mekilta. Oldest Rabbinic Commentary on Exodus.

Men.  Menahoth.

Mielziner, Introduction.  M. Mielziner, Introduction to the Talmud.

M.K. Matnath Kehunah, commentary by Issachar Ber Ashkenazi (16th and 17th centuries).

M.K.  Mo'ed Katan.

MS.O.  Oxford Manuscript.

MS P.  Paris Manuscript Codex 147.

MS.T.  Temanite Manuscript.

MS.V.  Vatican Manuscript Codex 30.

M.T.  Massoretic text.

Naz.  Nazir.

Ned.  Nedarim.

Neg.  Nega'im.

Nid.  Niddah.

Pes.  Pesahim.

Pesik. dRK.  Pesikta di R. Kahana.

Pesik. R.  Pesiktha Rabbathi.

Pir.R.El.  Pirke di R. Eliezer.

Radal.  Commentary by R. David Luria.

Rash. or Rashash.  Commentary by R. Samuel Strashun.

Rashal  Notes and Glosses on the Talmud by R. Solomon Luria (d. 1573).

Rashi  Commentary of R. Isaac Yizhaki (d. 1105).

R.H.  Rosh Hashanah.

R.V.  Revised Version of the Bible.

Sanh.  Sanhedrin.

Shab.  Shabbath.

Sheb.  Shebi'ith.

Shebu.  Shebu'oth.

Sonc. ed  English Translation of the Babylonian Talmud, Soncino Press, London.

Sot.  Sotah

Suk.  Sukkah.

Ta.an  Ta'anith.

Tanh.  Tanhuma.

T.B.  Babylonian Talmud.

TdbE.  Tanna debe Eliyahu.

Tem.  Temurah.

Ter.  Terumoth.

Tosaf.  Tosafoth.

Tosef.  Tosefta.

Y.’A  Yefe ‘Anaf, commentary of S. Yaffe on Ruth R., Esther R., and Lamentations R.

Yeb.  Yebamoth.

Y.K.  Yefe Kol, commentary of S. Yaffe on Song of Songs R.

Y.M.  Yede Moshe, commentary by R. Jacob Moses Ashkenazi.

Y.T.  Yefeh Toar, commentary by R. Samuel Jaffe Ashkenazi.

Zeb.  Zebahim.


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