CHAPTER 28:1-20 TEXT:
In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat upon it. His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men. And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have told you. And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring his disciples word. And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me. Now when they were going, behold, some of the watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests all the things that were done. And when they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers, Saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept. And if this come to the governor's ears, we will persuade him, and secure you. So they took the money, and did as they were taught: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day. Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, into a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. And when they saw him, they worshipped him: but some doubted. And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
1 In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week,
As noted, Yeshua and His followers remained in the faith of Israel and its Torah, and this observed the Sabbath on the "last" day of the week, i.e., from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday. The Bibilcal method of counting the "days of the week," is Day 1, Day, 2, etc, through Day 6, followed by the Sabbath.
The change from keeing God's Sabbath to worshipping on Sunday is discussed in our article, Not Subject to the Law of God? in the YashaNet library.
2 the angel of the Lord descended from heaven
3 His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow:
Interestingly, "the angel of the Lord" is often associated with the Messiah. How then could this angel be the Messiah as He is speaking of Himself being elsewhere? (See Matthew 27:46). The angel possesses a "garment" of white. This is not physical clothing, as we are dealing with the spiritual realm. Our Revelation study addresses these complex issues. (See note at end of this section.)
18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:
Yeshua, says to baptize "in the name of ..." This means, "in the authority of," the person, place or thing, being referred to.
Note that there is also a signficant change of "direction" with this verse, regarding the offer of salvation. Here we have Yeshua telling His disciples to go out to the nations (goyim), not just the children of Israel (compare to His words in Matthew 10:6, where He told them not to go to the nations). Something significant and deeply mystical happened with the death of Messiah, that enabled the gospel to go out to the non-Jewish world.
This verse is often used to teach the Christian "trinity" - a concept contradictory to a Hebrew understanding of the Scriptures. God does indeed emanate in the forms of Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Ruach haKodesh), but also as; the Shekinah, Kingdom, the "voice of God," the "face of God," Tzaddik ("Righteous One"), New Jerusalem, the Bat Kol (voice from heaven),Wisdom, Understanding, Mercy, Judgement, Prophecy, and even "seven spirits" (i.e., Revelation, chapter 1).
It is often overlooked (and frowned upon by Protestants, due to Catholic dogmas about Mary being the "mother of God"), that God is also revealed in some distinctly "feminine" forms. These include the Ruach haKodesh (Holy Spirit), Shekinah, Kingdom and "New Jerusalem" (which is also called, "Jerusalem above" and referred to as our "mother" in Galatians 4:26) and Bat Kol (literally, "daughter of the voice). All of these terms are feminine in the Hebrew - grammatically, and at a deeper level, theologically. We even see Yeshua speaking of Himself in "female" terms in Matthew 23:37. Recall that we are made in God's image and that image is both male and female (Genesis 1:27).
God is not limited to three parts of a "trinity," nor are any of these emanations solely a distinct "person" (i.e., "God the Father," "God the Son," "God the Holy Spirit"), as God is One. Such doctrines are attempts to put "God in a box" as many people don't consider themselves to have strong faith unless everything is "black and white," and they have a "tidy answer" for anyone that asks asks them to explain their faith.
Judaism recognizes that God is a bit more complex than we often "wish" Him to be. He reveals Himself in His Torah, and that Torah is infinite.
20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Once again, we see that the Torah is for everyone, Jew and gentile -- as what He "commands" is obedience to the Word of God.
Again, there is a great deal of mystical significance in the text. Just how is Yeshua "with us" always, when Scripture says He has returned to heaven? This too will be explored later, in our more advanced studies.
TO THE STUDENT COMPLETING THIS STUDY:
We recommend that the student proceed to our Romans study from this point. The book of Revelation has been mentioned a great deal, but that study contains very deep Hebraic concepts, and a firm foundation in Torah, including Paul's insights from the book of Romans, is essential for correct understanding.